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The history of UK number plates

Why do we have number plates?

When motor cars first became popular, the number of vehicles on the road grew rapidly and it soon became clear that regulation was needed. The number plate provided a simple yet powerful way for the DVLA to identify and trace cars. Since their introduction, number plates have become an integral part of motoring life.

  • 1903

    The beginning of number plates

    When were number plates introduced?

    The Motor Car Act of 1903 was the first legislation of its type and it introduced number plates to British cars. The Act focused on driving licences, setting formal speed limits and vehicle registration. The last was an idea borrowed from the Netherlands, the first country to adopt national registration plates in 1898.

    What was the first-ever number plate?

    It is commonly, and mistakenly, believed that A 1 was the first British registration issued. It was certainly the first issued in London; Earl Russell and others queued up all night long outside London County Council's offices to acquire the number. Russell managed to secure it but, by that time in December 1903, other numbers had already been issued elsewhere. DY 1, for example, was issued on 23 November 1903 in Hastings. In fact, DY 1 is the earliest registration for which records still exist.

    Dateless number plates

    Each of the individual regional councils was given codes of one or two letters for registering vehicles. This letter code on the number plate identified the local authority responsible for registering the vehicle. The regional letter code was accompanied by up to four digits showing the registration's sequential order of release. Examples of this format would be A 1, AA 9999 and similar.

    Unlike the formats that followed, these early registrations had no year code and so are now known as 'dateless' numbers. They are very popular as they can be assigned to cars of any age, effectively concealing the true age of the car. They are also increasingly rare as they were only generally issued until 1963. Unissued dateless numbers can sometimes still be released into DVLA auctions. However, other dateless plates are still being lost when old cars are scrapped and their owners neglect to save the registrations.

    This format was used from 1904 to 1962 Dateless number plate
  • 1904

    Motor Car Act in force

    Although vehicle registration numbers were introduced in 1903, it was not until 1904 that they became compulsory.

  • 1930

    New system introduced for dateless plates

    By the 1930s, combinations from the original system began to run out, so a new format became necessary. An extra serial letter was added in front of the original letter codes. As the maximum number of characters that could appear on a registration plate was six, the new format meant that the number component was limited to three digits at most.

    Examples of this format are AAA 12, BCD 999.

    These new registration numbers were first used in July 1932.

  • 1960

    System reversed by councils for dateless plates

    In the 1950s, some councils began to run out of the available dateless plate combinations. They resorted to a reversed format, putting the numbers before the letters. Despite tweaks like this to the system, the possible combinations soon ran short once more.

    Examples of this format are 123 AAA, 999 BCD.

  • 1963

    Introduction of suffix number plates

    Suffix vehicle registration numbers were introduced in 1963. This new format kept the earlier scheme of letters followed by numbers but added the 'suffix' letter to the end. 'A' was the first suffix letter and the letter would change each year, thus providing an indication of the year the number was issued. Number plates were no longer dateless.

    An example of this format would be AHX 1A.

    Not all councils embraced the suffix format at first, but in 1965, when the 'C' suffix was issued, adoption of the suffix format became compulsory.

    The Suffix format was used from 1963 to 1982 Suffix number plate
  • 1974

    DVLA’s Vehicle Registration Offices

    On 1st October 1974, responsibility for the registration of vehicles was centralised and taken over by the Department of Transport. When the Department of Transport took over the function of releasing registrations from their specialised Vehicle Registration Offices, some area codes changed. Learn more from our DVLA number plate buying & selling guide.

  • 1983

    DVLA releases prefix number plates

    Suffix combinations eventually began to run out, so in 1983 the 'prefix' format was introduced. This system worked similarly to the previous one, but the order of the character groups was reversed, putting the year identifier at the start of the number plate. The last prefix release was in 2001 and featured the year code Y. This prefix was the last before the format was replaced yet again later the same year.

    The Prefix format was used from 1982 to 2001 Prefix number plate
  • 2001

    The current style

    The current style of number plates was introduced in September 2001. It was designed to provide enough combinations to last at least 50 years.

    The first two letters are now the code for the issuing region, while the age identifier is now a numerical code rather than a letter. This number changes every six months in March and September, giving a more precise indication of the vehicle's age than the old year letter. The last three letters of the registration are randomly generated serial letters.

    An example of the current format would be AA51 ABC.

    Did you know?

    You can read more information about the year codes and characters of all number plate formats with our comprehensive guide on car registration years.

    The Infix format is currently in use Current style number plate
  • 2019

    Consultation on green number plates

    On 22nd October 2019, the UK government proposed the introduction of green number plates in a consultation document. These plates would be for electric vehicles (EVs) and hydrogen-fueled vehicles only, which produce zero tailpipe emissions. Hybrid vehicles would not be eligible.

    It was hoped that the scheme would encourage purchases of greener vehicles. While providing local authorities with an easier way of distinguishing zero-emission vehicles from more polluting cars.

  • 2020

    Release of green number plates

    The green number plates were released on the 8th December 2020. Despite an initial lack of excitement for the scheme, ‘green flash’ number plates are becoming more common on UK roads.

    Green number plates are offered as an option when you purchase your personal registration from Regtransfers (subject to vehicle eligibility).

    Did you know?

    There are many different acrylic number plate formats. Learn more about the rules and regulations around displaying them.

    An electric vehicle number plate on a Tesla Model S

Playing our part for private number plates

Regtransfers is proud to have played a prominent role in the history of UK number plates since we opened our offices in 1982.

Learn more about our history.

The role of DVLA

Car registrations and number plates, including personalised number plates, in the UK are the responsibility of the Driver and Vehicle licensing Agency, usually known as the DVLA. It issues new registrations twice a year and also maintains the central database that records details of all vehicles licensed to drive on UK roads, along with their keeper and registration information.

Regtransfers works closely with DVLA to complete registration transfers as quickly and efficiently as possible. Regtransfers is a DVLA registered supplier of personal car registrations and number plates and is listed on the DVLA Registrations website. All number plates supplied by Regtransfers comply with DVLA's prescribed standards and regulations.

DVLA administers all UK registration transfers and issues updated registration documents when the registration number of a car is changed, or when a registration is removed from a vehicle and placed on a retention document in accordance with the DVLA Retention Scheme.

DVLA is a registered trade mark of the Driver & Vehicle Licensing Agency. Regtransfers is not affiliated to the DVLA or DVLA Personalised Registrations. Regtransfers is a recognised reseller of unissued Government stock.

Number plate regulations

When a car is on the road, it is an offence to display number plates bearing any number other than the vehicle's officially recorded registration number. If you purchase a private registration, learn how to transfer private plates before displaying the new number.

All registration number plates displayed on UK vehicles must comply with the official number plate regulations. DVLA oversees enforcement of number plates display regulations and maintains a register of approved manufacturers and retailers of vehicle number plates.

Regtransfers is not part of, and is not formally affiliated with DVLA.

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